Bagaudas are shortswordsmen from the tribe of the Venetii. They are specially adept at springing ambushes but are impetuous and extremely vulnerable at range.
Bagaudas ("Guerilla Fighters") are shortswordsmen from the tribe of the Venetii. The shortsword is a common weapon, essentially a very long knife or dagger, and used by hunters, and carried by many as a form of self defense. Warriors using shortswords are not generally very well trained, if at all. However, they are readily available, cheap, and have a good charge. They lack javelins or other ranged weapons and are extremely vulnerable at range.
Historically, the Celts generally favored spears and shortswords for young or inexperienced soldiers. These warriors, with shortswords, were not necessarily that high up in society; the swords were of debatable quality. Many may not even have fought in battle before, just being hunters or young boys called in to fight, or have chosen to go and fight. Light swordsmen in Celtic society were fairly common, and necessary, often, as a bridge between light and medium infantry, when medium infantry was unavailable. They were increasingly more common during the Roman conquests, as the professional armies with longswordsmen had either been bought by the Romans, or turned on one another, leaving the only defense to these young warriors.
This unit is identical to Galatikoi Kluddolon. Shortswordsmen can be useful against phalanxes, utilizing their javelin supply and engaging them from the back. Other preferrable targets include levy units without missiles, such as Lugoae. Also, they may engage heavy infantry, such as Hoplites, from behind. However, Bagaudas and other shortswordsmen (except perhaps Kluddacorii - in emergency situations) should never be used as line troops, as their morale is not high, and their non-existent armour in conjunction with only small shields and low lethality of the melee weapon means they will lose horribly to javelin armed infantry such as Bataroas.
In all cases, they should be kept away from archers, unless you can spring an ambush which will force the missile troops into instant melee. The main assets of Bagaudas are their high attack, javelin range and supply, and their stamina and ambushing skills. Weaknesses are the low lethality of the shortsword, and the lack of armour.